Development of school canteen and school gardens guidelines as prevention against cardiovascular disease
The study presented in this paper aimed to examine the process of developing guidelines for healthy school canteens and school gardens and promote fruit and vegetable consumption. Authors used a qualitative research design, thus the data were collected through in-depth interviews and focus group discussions. A preliminary survey was conducted in 10 private and public schools in Kulon Progo district, Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia. It is important to note that while a healthy diet is known and promoted to benefit health, only a small portion is used to buy fruits and vegetables in school canteens. At the same time cardiovascular disease is the main cause of morbidity in Kulon Progo, the area of study. So this research combines medical issues, design of canteen and garden spaces as two places of fruits and vegetable grouth and fruits & vegetables consumption. As a result guidelines related to healthy lifestyles through Canteen- and school garden were successfully arranged for in-school programs. Interviews and focus group discussions explored possibilities of permanently establishing the programs with local and national funding. The research showed that stakeholder involvement is crucially important for the preparation and development of the school canteen — and school gardens guidelines. Follow-up is recommended to carry out the dissemination of the guidebook.
Bernadette Josephine Istiti Kandarina is an indonesian researcher on the Department of Biostatistics, Epidemiology, and Population Health, on the Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, in Universitas Gadjah Mada, (Yogyakarta)
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